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TAREKAT QADIRIYAH: Studi terhadap Ajaran Tasawuf Syaikh ‘Abd al-Qadir Jilani | Surahman | Mukaddimah: Jurnal Studi Islam

TAREKAT QADIRIYAH: Studi terhadap Ajaran Tasawuf Syaikh ‘Abd al-Qadir Jilani

Susilo Surahman

Abstract


This article discusses Islamic mysticism or Sufism, namely Qadiriyah, one of most important Sufism in the muslim world. It was developed by Syaikh ’Abd Qadir al-Jilani, a sufi master with Hambali orientation in his Islamic school (mazhab). Some key principles are discussed, among others is esoterism by which the purity of hearts is given a priority in order to arrive at the stage of knowing or makrifat.

Artikel ini mendiskusikan tarekat Qadiriyah yang dibentuk oleh Syaikh ’Abd Qadir al-Jilani. Al-Jilani adalah seorang sufi yang bermazhab Hambali. Tarekat ini menempati posisi yang amat penting dalam sejarah spiritualitas Islam karena menjadi pelopor lahirnya organisasi tarekat di dunia Islam. Ajaran kunci tarekat Qadiriyah akan dijelaskan melalui artikel ini, yaitu ajaran esoterisme Islam yang menekankan kebersihan dan kesucian hati dengan banyak melakukan ibadah agar mencapai makrifat.

Kata Kunci: Qadiriyah, ‘Abd al-Qadir Jilani, tasawuf

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