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Defosilization of /æ/ Phoneme Pronunciation of Non-native EFL Teachers | Kahraman | Journal of Language Teaching and Research
Journal of Language Teaching and Research, Vol 3, No 3 (2012), 379-385, May 2012

Defosilization of /æ/ Phoneme Pronunciation of Non-native EFL Teachers

Ayhan Kahraman


The literature asserts that when a foreign language is learned after puberty, the fossilized pronunciation problems of adult FL learners cannot be remedied. However, to the best of knowledge there was no empirical evidence to support this belief. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate whether or not non-native English teachers’ fossilized pronunciation mistakes on /æ/ vowel phoneme of the British English language can be cured through treatment. First, a diagnostic test as a pre-test was used before the treatment phase to identify participants’ pronunciation problems and the same test was repeated after treatment to check out any difference. As the data revealed from repeated measurements, the Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used and the results displayed a significant difference (z= -3.527, p< .05). That is, the application of the cure programme developed using the audio-articulation method facilitated participant teachers to cure their pronunciation problem on /æ/ vowel phoneme of the British English. In brief, this study has proved this case and cured non-native English teachers’ problem. All in all, this study recommends non-native language teachers to improve language teaching materials with explicit pronunciation exercises especially for adult learners using similar methods.


fossilized mistakes; pronunciation errors; mistake eraser; fossilization



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Journal of Language Teaching and Research (JLTR, ISSN 1798-4769)

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