Inclusive Education for Students with Intellectual Disability
This paper traces briefly the evolution of Inclusive Education for students with special education needs (SEN) and discusses some significant challenges in its implementation. While the aim of Inclusive Education is to include all children with SEN in mainstream schools, there are many challenges that have to be overcome for their education to be meaningful. This paper focuses primarily on the inclusion of students with intellectual disability, since they are likely to be the largest number with special education needs in ‘inclusive’ schools. It offers the outline of a curriculum that may be derived from the mainstream one in use, and suggests a model that emphasises the replacement of age / grade placement, as is the present practice, with experience and maturity underpinning learning in persons with intellectual disability. The proposed model needs, of course, to be field-tested.
Ainscow M (1999). Understanding the development of inclusive schools. London: Falmer Press.
Fuller B, Clark P (1994). Raising school effects while ignoring culture? Local conditions and the influence of classroom tools, rules and pedagogy. Review of Educational Research; 64(1): 119-157. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1170747 http://dx.doi.org/10.3102/00346543064001119
Gardner H (1983). Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences. New York: Basic Books.
Jarvis P (1987). Adult Education in the Social Context. London; Croom Helm.
Kolb DA (1984). Experiential Learning: experience as the source of learning and Development. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall.
Simmons K (1998). Green Paper: Rights at Risk. British Journal of Special Education; 25: 9–12. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1467-8527.00046
Thomas G, Loxley A (2007). Deconstructing special education. Open University Press. Buckingham, GBR.
UNESCO (1994). The Salamanca Statement and Framework for Action on Special Needs Education [Online]. Paris: UNESCO. Available from: http://www.unesco.org/education/pdf/SALAMA_E.PDF (accessed on 5 December 2011).
Full Text: PDF
- There are currently no refbacks.